n South African Journal of Child Health - Ulcerative chickenpox in an immunocompetent child : case report




Varicella is a common, contagious infection caused by herpes-virus 3. It is usually benign but rarely can be associated with potentially serious complications, requiring hospitalisation.

In a study conducted in Spain, 64 (5.4%) of 1 177 children attending the emergency room with varicella required admission for complications. The median age was 3.2 years. The most common complications were skin / soft-tissue infections (33 patients) and the most common organisms were ( = 13) and ( = 10). Other complications were pneumonia and neurological, haematological and osteoarticular disorders. One patient died of multi-organ failure.
A case report on a child with ulcerative chickenpox, a serious cutaneous complication, is presented.


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