n South African Journal of Child Health - IMCI revisited : hot topics

Volume 4, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1994-3032
  • E-ISSN: 1999-7671



The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) project was presented by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in 1996 as the principal strategy to improve child health, especially in poor communities. IMCI addresses the comprehensive health and development needs of children under the age of 5 years in an integrated way and concentrates on the accurate identification and management, in outpatient and home settings, of the medical conditions that most frequently cause morbidity and mortality. It also focuses on preventive measures, immunisation, good nutrition and health promotion by improving the performance of health workers and community care practices, as well as the provision of careful counselling of caregivers and appropriate referral of seriously ill children. Recently IMCI has been expanded to include the care of newborn and young infants and children infected with HIV. The IMCI philosophy has also been used in the Integrated Management of Adult and Adolescent Illness (IMAI) project.

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