oa South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Socio-demographic risk factors for HIV infection in women living in Mangaung, Free State : original research
|Article Title||Socio-demographic risk factors for HIV infection in women living in Mangaung, Free State : original research|
|© Publisher:||Medpharm Publications|
|Journal||South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition|
|Author||Z. Hattingh, C. Walsh and G. Joubert|
|Publication Date||Jan 2009|
|Pages||203 - 207|
|Keyword(s)||Black women, HIV, Socio-demographic status and South Africa|
Objective : To determine socio-demographic risk factors associated with HIV infection in women in Mangaung.
Design and setting: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Mangaung, Bloemfontein.
Subjects and methods: A representative group of 500 black women (25-44 years) was randomly selected to participate. Socio-demographic data were determined with a structured questionnaire and compared between HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women.
Results: After screening for eligibility, 488 women qualified. Sixty-one per cent of the younger women (25-34 years) and 38% of the older women (35-44 years) were HIV infected. It is possible that healthy women would be more likely to be working and were not included. HIV-infected women had been living significantly longer in urban areas (p = 0.0001 for both age groups) than HIV-uninfected women. Significantly more HIV-infected younger women than their HIV-uninfected counterparts snuffed tobacco (p = 0.002). Significantly more HIV-uninfected older women than HIV-infected older women were married or traditionally married (p = 0.010). Significantly more HIV-uninfected (p = 0.012 for younger and p = 0.002 for older) women than HIV-infected women reported a husband-headed household. Significantly more of the HIV-uninfected older women (p = 0.018) than the HIV-infected older women had no formal schooling or only primary school education. Unemployment ranged between 64.7 and 78.3%. Median room density between HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women did not differ significantly.
Conclusions: Unemployment and low levels of education were commonly reported. A self-headed household, urbanisation and being unmarried appeared to be possible risk factors for HIV infection.
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