oa South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Interview with Sylvia Escott-Stump : conference report
Prof. Sylvia Escott-Stump visited South Africa this year to present at the Nutritional Solutions CNE event in April 2014. A special interview was arranged to share her knowledge regarding various topics associated with obesity, the very complex condition.
The cause of obesity is multifactorial and it is truly impossible to pinpoint a single cause. The contributing factors must be taken into account when managing obesity and the management thereof should focus on the person as an individual and address the person's medical history and nutritional status. According to Sylvia Escott-Stump, key contributing factors for the development of obesity include lifestyle (poor diet, skipping meals, a lack of sleep, drinking sugar-sweetened drinks in excess, drinking too much alcohol, snacking, a lack of exercise, and poor choices at social events); psychosocial (depression, stress, anxiety, binge eating or overeating; inadequate income which may lead to an imbalanced intake of nutrients); biomedical (genetics, metabolism and perinatal factors); and other factors such as medication use (e.g. prednisone or cortisone); a reduced mobility for some reason (an injury or amputation); and inflammatory processes.
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