n Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine - Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in South Africa : epidemiology




The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/ AIDS (UNAIDS) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) have estimated that at the end of 1999 there were 33.4 million people (32.4 million adults and 1.2 million children) infected with HIV. Approximately 96% of people with HIV/ AIDS live in the developing world and recent estimates suggest that of all people infected with HIV worldwide, 70% (6 out of every 10 men, 8 of every 10 women, and 9 of every 10 children) live in sub-Saharan Africa. It is estimated that more than 40 million people globally will be HIV-positive by the end of this year, and still no cure has been found. The impact of the epidemic is already being felt in most developing countries, including South Africa. Life expectancy has been significantly reduced as many people in the 15 - 49-year age group are now dying of AIDS.


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