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n Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine - HIV / AIDS-related knowledge, sexual practices and predictors of condom use among long-distance truck drivers in Nigeria : original article
Background. Long-distance truck drivers (LDTDs) are exposed to high-risk sexual behaviour because of the nature of their work and are at high risk for HIV acquisition. Assessing their sexual practices and condom use is an important step in HIV / AIDS prevention in this target group.
Objective. To determine HIV / AIDS-related knowledge, sexual practices and predictors of condom use among Nigerian LDTDs. Design, setting, subjects. A cross-sectional survey of 116 LDTDs in Enugu, Nigeria, was carried out using pre-tested structured questionnaires.
Results. The 116 respondents ranged in age from 21 to 69 years with a mean of 40.5 years; 95.7% were aware of HIV / AIDS, 88.8% identified unprotected sexual intercourse as a mode of transmission, and 78.4% knew that use of a condom during sexual intercourse protects against HIV / AIDS transmission. Ninety-eight drivers (84.5%) engaged in extramarital sexual relationships and 42.9% had multiple sexual partners. Of the drivers 43.1% had used condoms at some stage and 28.6% used them consistently. Reasons for non-use were mainly unavailability, sexual dissatisfaction and religious convictions. Age, marital status and educational status were significant predictors of condom use among sexually active LDTDs.
Conclusion. Condom use among LDTDs is low despite their high-risk sexual behaviour. Promotion campaigns to improve the general acceptability of condoms are recommended. Improved distribution of condoms at the stations where the drivers stop would improve accessibility and use.
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