n Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine - Pattern of pericardial diseases in HIV-positive patients at University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria : original article
|Article Title||Pattern of pericardial diseases in HIV-positive patients at University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria : original article|
|Journal||Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine|
|Author||U. Abubakar, P.O. Adeoye, O.A. Adebo, V.O. Adegboye, E.B. Kesieme and E.K. Okonta|
|Publication Date||Jun 2011|
|Pages||25 - 26|
|Keyword(s)||University College Hospital and University of Ibadan|
Rationale. Pericarditis has been reported as the most common cardiac complication of HIV disease, followed by pericardial effusion.
Methods. A retrospective review was conducted of all 68 patients treated for pericardial diseases between August 2003 and July 2008 at University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. HIV-positive patients (N=42) were compared with those who were HIV negative (N=26).
Results. More male than female patients presented with pericardial disease, and the HIV-positive patients were younger than those who were HIV negative. Pericardial effusion was the commonest mode of presentation, accounting for 20 HIV-positive patients (47.7%) and 13 HIV-negative patients (50%). Pericardiostomy was the commonest surgical intervention performed in HIV-positive patients (N=15), while the majority of HIV-negative patients had pericardiocentesis.
Conclusion. Pericardial effusion was the commonest cardiac presentation in HIV-positive patients in our setting. We recommend that patients with pericardial effusion be investigated for HIV infection.
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