n Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine - Managing the HIV-infected neonate : a rural doctor's perspective : letter

Volume 15, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1608-9693
  • E-ISSN: 2078-6751



Continued improvements for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV have dramatically reduced the number of vertical infections. However, a number of risk factors for transmission are still seen. There is an increasing awareness that more should and could be done to prevent transmission in these cases, and that targeted early diagnosis (soon after delivery) adds significant value in some infants to prevent prolonged nevirapine exposure leading to resistance, allows for rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy as per the current guideline, and retains the infant and mother in care.

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