n Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine - Nutritional management of the HIV/Aids patient - a practical approach : nutrition




Health care professionals have recognised the interaction between malnutrition, immune dysfunction and poor prognostic outcome for a number of years. Guidelines for medical nutritional therapy as part of the health care of HIV-infected people have been available in developed countries for some time. However, there is uncertainty among health professionals as to the most appropriate approach towards nutritional management of the HIV-positive patient in southern Africa. Although a high prevalence of malnutrition has been documented among HIV/AIDS patients in Africa, only a limited number of prospective trials are available to show the efficacy of nutritional intervention in HIV-infected adults in the African context.


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