n Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine - Guidelines for renal replacement therapy in HIV-infected individuals in South Africa : guidelines

Volume 9, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1608-9693
  • E-ISSN: 2078-6751



HIV infection is common in southern Africa and presents our society with numerous challenges. HIV can cause chronic kidney disease (CKD) and can contribute significantly to the burden of patients requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT). HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) was the third commonest cause of end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in black patients in the USA after hypertension and diabetes, and since the availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is now in 7th place. Furthermore HIV infection may coexist with ESRF of any other cause, and we have even experienced instances of seroconversion to HIV positive of patients already on dialysis.

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