n South African Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Acceptability and utilisation of voluntary HIV testing and nevirapine to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 integrated into routine clinical care




<I>Objectives.</I> Use of nevirapine for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV-1 has been routine clinical care at Coronation Women and Children's Hospital since April 2000.We assessed the effect of regular audit and targeted interventions on the utilisation of the PMTCT programme. <br><I>Methods.</I> Review of antenatal cards and hospital records of women discharged following delivery, in three time periods between October 2000 and February 2002. Following the initial audit an intervention was implemented to eliminate weaknesses in our PMTCT service. Following the second audit the hospital became a pilot site for the Gauteng PMTCT programme. <br><I>Results.</I> In the initial audit 53.2% of women (159/299) were tested for HIV and received their results, while 56% (14/25) of identified HIV-infected women, and 16% (4/25) of their infants, received nevirapine. By the third audit 74.3% of women (266/358) received their results, and 86% (43/50) of HIV-positive women and 74% (37/50) of newborns were documented to have received nevirapine. In all three audits over 90% of women initiating antenatal care at the hospital were tested for HIV, while women who initiated care at district community clinics were less likely to receive testing. <br><I>Conclusions.</I> Ongoing audit has been important for targeting obstacles to detection of HIV-infected women and documented nevirapine uptake by women and infants. Rates of HIV testing and nevirapine use have increased significantly. Voluntary counselling and testing for HIV and use of nevirapine are acceptable to pregnant women in our setting. Roll-out of the pilot programme to district community clinics is essential for further improvement.


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