n South African Journal of Psychiatry - The Brunel Mood Scale : a South African norm study

Volume 17, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1608-9685
  • E-ISSN: 2078-6786



The Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) has proved useful to assess mood states in a range of clinical settings. Its local utility is restricted by the lack of normative data from South Africa. This paper presents preliminary normative data for use of the BRUMS in the South African health care setting.

Participants (N=2 200) ranging from 18 to 59 years in age, employed in the public sector and recruited during routine occupational health surveillance, completed the 24-item self-report BRUMS. They came from all South African race and language groups, and from all nine provinces.
Significant differences were found between the scores of women and men, and their results are reported separately. Owing to the language-dependent nature of the BRUMS, results are also reported separately for respondents with English as their first language and those who had other South African languages as mother tongue. Norm tables with T-scores are presented for the full sample, and for the separate gender and language groups.
This study presents normative data for a sample of educated and employed South Africans from various backgrounds. Its brevity, and provisionally language-friendly nature, make it a useful measure for screening for psychological distress in the South African clinical health care context.

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