n South African Journal of Psychiatry - Dementia : The South African Society of Psychiatrists (SASOP) Treatment Guidelines for Psychiatric Disorders

Volume 19, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1608-9685
  • E-ISSN: 2078-6786



By definition, dementia is an acquired global impairment in memory, personality and intellect in an alert patient, that is sufficiently severe to interfere with social and/or occupational functioning. In the absence of a stroke or rapidly growing cerebral tumours (among other causes), the onset is usually gradual and the cognitive decline is always progressive. In the absence of a cure for the disease, non-pharmacological inventions and the judicious use of pharmacotherapy may not only help the patient and alleviate the stress on the caregiver, but can also help in delaying institutionalisation.

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