n SA Journal of Radiology - Rhabdomyosarcoma - site matters : pictorial review

Volume 10, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1027-202X
  • E-ISSN: 2078-6778



For the clinical radiologist imaging a soft-tissue mass in a child, site plays an important role in narrowing the differential diagnosis. Rhabdomyosarcomas can arise from any tissue, even those devoid of skeletal muscle. Knowledge of the common sites involved allows inclusion in the differential diagnosis where relevant and also has a limited potential to prognosticate. With this article we hope to give some clarity as to when this diagnosis is likely. Rhabdomyosarcomas are relatively rare, but radiologists should have a high index of suspicion at particular sites where this may be the most common childhood malignancy. Common sites are the head and neck, genito-urinary system and extremities.

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