n SA Journal of Radiology - Bamboo spine - X-ray findings of ankylosing spondylitis revisited : pictorial essay
|Article Title||Bamboo spine - X-ray findings of ankylosing spondylitis revisited : pictorial essay|
|Journal||SA Journal of Radiology|
|Affiliations||1 University of the Free State and 2 University of the Free State|
|Publication Date||Sep 2012|
|Pages||111 - 113|
Ankylosing spondylitis is a debilitating disease that is one of the seronegative spondylarthropathies, affecting more males than females in the proportion of about 6:1 in the age group 15 - 35 years of age. Early radiographic findings include bilateral sacro-iliitis and early axial (lower lumbar spine) ankylosis. Typical X-ray findings are florid spondylitis (Romanus lesions), florid diskitis (Andersson lesions), early axial ankylosis, enthesitis, syndesmophytes and insufficiency fractures. Typical radiological abnormalities are pointed out on conventional X-rays and reviewed for early diagnosis and prompt treatment of patients at risk.
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