n SA Journal of Radiology - A case-based approach to UTI imaging - making sense of the guidelines : clinical perspective

Volume 19, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1027-202X
  • E-ISSN: 2078-6778



Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common amongst children and invariably result in imaging tests to look for correctable causes that may predispose the child to infection. The objective of imaging is to identify those children at risk of long-term renal damage. The ideal imaging algorithm is extensively debated in the literature owing to the lack of evidence-based data, evolving theories on the pathophysiology of UTI and vesicoureteric reflux (VUR). The present article provides a case-based approach to the imaging of UTIs and proposes guidelines relevant to the South African setting.

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