n South African Journal of Surgery - The sternocleidomastoid myoperiosteal flap for the reconstruction of a tracheal defect : general surgery

Volume 45, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0038-2361
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5151



The sternocleidomastoid (SCM) myoperiosteal flap offers a relatively simple, single-stage reconstruction of a tracheal defect after conservative resection of an invasive papillary cancer of the thyroid with intraluminal involvement. Vascularised clavicular periosteum provides a viable, pliant, airtight, composite autologous graft with minimal vocal disturbance and a low risk to the parathyroid glands. The operation is not difficult to perform and has an acceptable long-term result even for the occasional operator in the specialised field of tracheal surgery.

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