An apparent anomaly is that a medical curriculum can be considered complete even if it pays only passing reference to the largest organ in the human body, skeletal muscle which can comprise up to 25 kg in the average male.
Inadequate levels of hydration amongst marathon runners involves major risks and some commonly used approaches to the problem may be contra-indicated. Here an expert in the field offers practical advice to runners and their physicians.
Most of the skeletal muscle disorders encountered in clinical medicine are of a sufficiently severe nature that they cause such weakness that participation in physical activity is not possible. These degenerative or myopathic disorders cause progressive muscle weakness and atrophy usually leading to death at a relatively young age.
In the first part of this article on training, Dr Tim Noakes discussed starting out, shaping, reinforcement control, stimulus control, goal setting, associative /disassociative strategies and coping thoughts. He also examined the question as to whether middle-aged people should undergo an exhaustive medical evaluation before they start practicing. In the second part of the series the author of the recently-published bestseller, Lore of Running, gives invaluable advice about the selection of appropriate running shoes, shoe advice for the novice, anatomy of the running shoe, shoe choice for uninjured runners and related topics.