oa South African Journal of Sports Medicine - Fitness levels of South African youth of Indian descent 1977 and 1997



South Africa's population of Indian descent is at high risk of premature coronary artery disease, and in particular, diabetes mellitus. Putative risk factors that may be contributing to these chronic diseases include obesity, inactivity, poor lipid profiles, smoking, unbalanced dietary practices and stress. It has been hypothesised that it may be particularly important to document changes or secular trends in these risk factors in schoolgoing children of Indian descent. The fitness level of South African youth of Indian descent has been questioned for many years. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast the fitness levels of Indian high school boys (aged 15,16,17 and 18 years of age) in two cohorts: 1977 and 1997.


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