The knee represents the most often injured joint in sport. Its treatment requires specific skills from the physician ï¿½ particularly in assessing the degree of injury. Only on the basis of this assessment can specific therapy be instigated.
First Aid always demands quick recognition of signs of an injury or illness so that effective care can be rendered, but nowhere does the importance of immediate injury recognition loom as large as in unconsciousness. A number of conditions could cause unconsciousness.
Promising athletic careers may be ended because physicians overemphasise the importance of ECG abnormalities. This development results in ï¿½iatrogenic cardiac neurosisï¿½ and more understanding is required in order that such problems are put into their proper context.
Cooper concludes that we all share pathological narcissistic and masochistic tendencies but that most find ways to divert these tendencies towards useful activities. The marathon runner is likely to be quite far along the narcissistic-masochistic spectrum and ""almost uniquely, carries on a useless activity which symbolises society's need for a special hero who will enact the infantile triumphs requisite for healthy functioning, and who also enables the audience to share vicariously in some of his or her forbidden pleasures"".
Gastrointestinal (GIT) symptoms appear to be very common in endurance athletes. Previous studies have only documented frequency rates of GIT symptoms during sports events, and usually only in a single sport. Differences in methodology between studies make comparisons on the incidence and risk factors of GIT symptoms in different sports difficult. The aims of this study were to document the true incidence (symptoms/1 000 hours of participation) and risk factors of gastrointestinal symptoms in six endurance sports.
In spite of little scientific evidence, there is a belief among bodybuilders and other sportspersons that a diet high in protein promotes the development of muscle hypertrophy and strength. To examine whether this is indeed true we randomly assigned 22 body-builders, who trained 6 hours per week and who ingested less than 2.0g protein kg1 day, to either an experimental group (n = 12) or a control group (n = 10).
The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of low power infrared laser irradiation in the treatment of chronic tendonitis (Achilles, emimembranosis, patella) in athletes. Twelve athletes presenting with chronic tendonitis were matched for injury site and severity and randomly allocated to either an experimental or a control group.