There is an ever increasing interest in the sport community about the use of blood sampling and testing for doping control purposes. In conjunction with the 1994 Commonwealth Games in Victoria, Canada, the Canadian centre for Drug free Sport held a workshop to discuss blood sampling for doping control and the issues it raises for drug free sport.
Androgens are a class of steroid hormones which are secreted mainly by the testes, but also by the adrenal gland and ovaries. Testosterone is the main androgen secreted by the testes. Testosterone regulates differentiation and secretory function of the male sex organs and stimulates protein synthesis in muscle, bone and kidneys. Testosterone was isolated in 1935 and by 1937 pharmaceutical companies were already performing clinical trials with testosterone to determine itï¿½s potential muscle building properties and uses in medicine.
Most of us can remember the following, ""A young man is playing rugby and injures his knee with a twisting force and presents to his doctor with a painful swollen knee, pain along the medial joint line and lack of full extension. The X-ray is normal. A clinical diagnosis of a possible torn medial meniscus is made...""
Drugs in sport evokes certain dark images in oneï¿½s mind, with behind the scenes, secretive use of tablets and injections to improve on optimum preparation; and beat an opponent. Cheating in this way may involve so-called ergogenic aids. It refers to any means used to enhance energy utilization (performance).
The comrades Marathon between Durban and Pietermaritzburg was regarded as the first ""ultimate"" endurance test. Then came the advert of triathlons, with the Iron Man and Ohlssons being the toughest and most prestigious.
In South Africa the problem of dance injury is a very neglected one, and would provide an interesting field for research beneficial to both dancers and sportsmen who indulge in other forms of strenuous activity such as athletics, gymnastics, rugby and soccer.