In recent months I have been touring South Africa giving lectures on sports injuries. Unfortunately, I have often been appalled at the lack of knowledge of general practitioners as regards sports injuries and sports medicine in general.
Backache is one of the most common ailments seen by doctors and Physiotherapists It has been estimated that 80% of people suffer from significant backache at least once in their lives. Backache affects people's lives in all spheres and is a drain on the country's economy.
The stress placed by gymnasties on the musculoskeletal system is well known, and disorders about the upper extremity - especially of the shoulder - and of the lower extremity - particularly the knee - certainly occur with great frequency. Another area of special concern in the young gymnast, however, is injury to the back and spine in the course of training and competing in this sport.
Tarsal stress fracture is a common condition in sports medicine and its management has improved greatly since the 1920s. However, certain tarsal stress fractures continue to be diagnosed late and cause prolonged down time for athletes. This paper reviews reports of the less common tarsal stress fractures in athletes and in military populations. It aims to provide guidance to clinicians by answering relative questions.
Soccer is the most widely played sport in South Africa yet no study of soccer injuries in this country has apparently been published. This survey examines the relationship of injuries to factors, both intrinsic and extrinsic to the player. All injuries are classified according to type, site, severity, recurrence and manner of sustaining the injury.
The adult skeleton has completed longitudinal growth, but is still metabolically active and constantly undergoing remodeling. Bone remodeling is a combination of the sequential processes of activation, resorption, formation and quiescence.
Further warning of the hazards of misuse of anabolic steroids by athletes is given by Drs Harrison Pope and David Katz of McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Massachusetts. They treated two men requiring hospital admission for psychosis apparently related to steroid use.
Injuries to the fingers, as a result of being struck while batting, fielding and catching, make up a significant percentage of the injuries to South African club and provincial cricketers and schoolboy cricketers, respectively. An experiment was conducted to compare the impact characteristics and the efficiency to absorb impact forces of four types of cricket batting gloves.