oa South African Journal of Sports Medicine - Exercise and peak bone mass: An update
|Article Title||Exercise and peak bone mass: An update|
|© Publisher:||Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG)|
|Journal||South African Journal of Sports Medicine|
|Affiliations||1 Department of Human and Animal Physiology, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa|
|Publication Date||Oct 1998|
|Pages||3 - 8|
|Keyword(s)||Areal bone density, Bone breaking strength, Estrogen deficiency, Exercise during growth, Genetic determinants, Menstrual dysfunction, Oligomenorrhea, Osteotrophic effect, Premenopausal period, Quantitative computed tomography, Reduction of fracture risk, Trabecular bone and Volumetric bone density|
Exercise has been widely recommended as a means of preventing osteoporosis. The rationale for this recommendation was based largely on the inference that immobilisation and weightlessness lead to bone loss and therefore exercise should lead to bone gain. Since peak bone mass is a major determinant of bone mass and fracture risk later in life, any factors that could enhance peak bone mass can be considered to be beneficial in preventing osteoporosis in the long-term. Exercise is a lifestyle factor that can be modified and if it does indeed increase peak bone mass, it may offer protection against bone fragility in old age.
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