oa South African Journal of Sports Medicine - Exercise and peak bone mass: An update



Exercise has been widely recommended as a means of preventing osteoporosis. The rationale for this recommendation was based largely on the inference that immobilisation and weightlessness lead to bone loss and therefore exercise should lead to bone gain. Since peak bone mass is a major determinant of bone mass and fracture risk later in life, any factors that could enhance peak bone mass can be considered to be beneficial in preventing osteoporosis in the long-term. Exercise is a lifestyle factor that can be modified and if it does indeed increase peak bone mass, it may offer protection against bone fragility in old age.


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