oa South African Journal of Sports Medicine - Physical examination of the ankle and foot
Adequate physical examination of any part of the musculoskeletal system should be preceded, whenever possible, by comprehensive history and general examination. One must bear in mind that pain is often caused by compensatory stresses in response to malalignement. It is therefore essential, when assessing an ankle or foot problem, to exclude the possibility of pathology in the spine, hip or knee.
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