No doubt that after the recent Rapport Tour and the upsurge of cycling as a sport and as an economical means of transport for the layman, many doctors will be confronted with cyclists inquiring on the subject of diet and nutrition for optimum performance.
This paper summarises the pathophysiology of raised intracompartmental pressure (TCP) and its effects on capillary and hence nutrient blood flow. The important relationship of ICP to mean arterial pressure and diastolic pressure is discussed, as are, the principles of diagnosis and management of raised ICE In order to reduce morbidity there is a need to raise awareness of the consequences of raised ICP, and to make a diagnosis of raised ICP rather than wait for the functional impairment of a compartment syndrome to occur.
In the quest for the prevention of injuries in rugby the referee has often been mentioned together with the coach and medical and paramedical personnel as having an important role to play. He is expected to apply the laws correctly and fairly while also maintaining the discipline necessary to curb foul play. In terms of injuries, the referee is expected to fulfil a preventative function.
Bupivicaine hydrochloride is a long-acting local anaesthetic. Its use results in local anaesthesia lasting between 12-24 hours. The drug has been extensively used in thoracic and abdominal surgery and as caudal analgesia in obstetrics. It has also been used in nerve blocks.
Objective: Our previous study has shown that, at any running speed, heart rates (HRs) are higher during competition than during training. The aim of this study was to determine whether this competition-induced increase in HR was affected by race intensity or perceived effort during the race. Design: Male runners training at least 60 km/wk underwent a maximal oxygen consumption test 4 days before a 10 km, 21 km or 42 km race. Two days before the race, subjects underwent a track test to determine the relationship between running speed and HR under non-competitive conditions.
The status of elitism in rugby is determined by the standards achieved during the participation in the specific competition season, although certain norms of basic fitness components could be useful to reflect the status of the player. The aim of this study is to build up a normative data base which should be used for profiling purposes.