oa South African Journal of Sports Medicine - The pathophysiology of compartment syndromes: microcirculatory compromise as a cause of exercise induced limb pain

Volume 6, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1015-5163
  • E-ISSN: 2078-516X



This paper summarises the pathophysiology of raised intracompartmental pressure (TCP) and its effects on capillary and hence nutrient blood flow. The important relationship of ICP to mean arterial pressure and diastolic pressure is discussed, as are, the principles of diagnosis and management of raised ICE In order to reduce morbidity there is a need to raise awareness of the consequences of raised ICP, and to make a diagnosis of raised ICP rather than wait for the functional impairment of a compartment syndrome to occur.

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