Objective: To review the presentation of chronic raised intracompartmental pressure as a cause of exercise induced claudication in the young fit athletic community. Design: Retrospective review of the records of patients diagnosed as having chronic exertional compartment syndrome over a 2-year period. Setting: A tertiary referral centre at the University of Natal Medical School.
Tendinitis is a ""scrapheap"" diagnosis in sportsmen. It is a diagnosis in many ways which is similar to ""having a virus"" in general medicine, sometimes correct but very often wrong. Tendinitis certainly does occur, in fact it is the commonest overload injury in the older athlete.
Objective: This paper reviews a personal experience of the diagnosis and management of patients with vasculopathy presenting as sport-provoked lower limb pain. Design: Retrospective review of patients presenting to the tertiary referral services of the Durban Metropolitan Vascular Service and the exercise laboratory at the University of Natal Medical School over a 5-year period.
The phase of the game responsible for the highest number of serious rugby injuries to the cervical spine and spinal cord is the scrum. In South Africa, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, scrumming is responsible for approximately 40% of these injuries.
Iron is an essential component of the oxygen transportation compounds haemoglobin, myoglobin, and the cytochromes as well as various enzymes. An iron deficiency can lead to impaired haemoglobin synthesis and a reduction in oxygen transport.
Objective: To descriptionbe the pattern of injuries among soccer players taking part in the interprovincial under-20 soccer tournament in Cape Town in 1997. Design: The injuries recorded were those that occurred during the 76 matches played at the tournament. Four hundred and five players participated from all the nine provinces.
The objective of this study was to draw up a profile of modifiable health risk factors among male executives in the Zululand area. Data for 176 subjects with a mean age of 40 years, were collected between 1989 and 1996 during fitness and health assessments offered to companies for their employees at executive level. All assessments were performed by the author personally and a standard procedure was used. The following parameters were tested: body composition, blood pressure, total cholesterol, physical working capacity and aerobic capacity.
The terms isotonic, isometric and isokinetic commonly used to descriptionbe different types of muscle contraction are biomechanically inappropriate in most exercise situations. The less impressive terms 'static' and 'dynamic' offer more accurate superordinate categories. The implications for isokinetic physiotherapy machines and rehabilitation are discussed.
Exercise-induced limb pain is usually benign, does not constitute a medical emergency, and resolves with appropriate treatment and/or rest. The exception to this rule is limb pain of vascular origin that requires prompt, accurate diagnosis and that may warrant urgent surgical intervention, when appropriate, to prevent morbidity and even mortality.