oa South African Journal of Sports Medicine - Types of muscle contraction as biomechanical concepts

Volume 6, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1015-5163
  • E-ISSN: 2078-516X



The terms isotonic, isometric and isokinetic commonly used to descriptionbe different types of muscle contraction are biomechanically inappropriate in most exercise situations. The less impressive terms 'static' and 'dynamic' offer more accurate superordinate categories. The implications for isokinetic physiotherapy machines and rehabilitation are discussed.

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