Popular advertising claims for various purported ergogenic aids can either be grossly exaggerated, or they can lack sufficient scientific basis. This review will take a critical look at the evidence for and against the ï¿½physiological anecdotes' they claim.
In the past, female participation in sport and physical recreation was discouraged, mainly for aesthetic and cultural reasons. The 20th century has seen a steady increase in women's participation in sport and thus an increased interest in problems unique to sportswomen.
This paper briefly discusses the injuries encountered and their management during the South African Cricket Team's inaugural 8 day tour of India in November 1991. The team consisted of a squad of 14 players and the team physiotherapist. The tour marked the return of South Africa to the international cricket arena after 21 years of isolation.
Most women give birth and lactate before the age of 35. These processes affect the normal daily lives of many young women. It is necessary to give attention to the fitness programmes followed by sporting women who are pregnant and who lactate.
One can quote ad infinitum the achievements of women in sport over the past few decades. Public attention is being drawn to women athletes who have excelled in areas of specialisation. For every athlete who achieves national or international recognition, there are hundreds of women who are striving to work their way up the pyramid.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the; effect of different hydration states, and different rehydration strategies, on bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and resultant BIA estimations of body composition. Design: BIA was used to measure impedance and to estimate total body water (TBW) and percentage fat mass (%FM) in 24 healthy students (12 male, 12 female) before and after exercise designed to elicit a loss of 1.0 -1.5% of body mass through sweating. Subjects then rehydrated with either water (hypotonic drink) or a commercial isotonic fluid, at which point BIA measures were reassessed