n South African Medical Journal - The human genome and molecular medicine - promises and pitfalls : editorial

Volume 100, Issue 11
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



The genome is the full complement of genetic information of an organism. It occurs in the form of DNA and is inherited from our parents. DNA is a series of nucleotides (bases) abbreviated A, C, G and T. Every nucleated cell in the body contains a full complement of genetic information that is organised into 46 chromosomes (XX or XY sex chromosomes and 22 pairs of autosomes).

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