n South African Medical Journal - Measles in antiquity and the Middle Ages : history of medicine : forum

Volume 100, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



Although no longer a formidable epidemic disease, measles is still responsible for up to 2 million deaths per annum - mainly among children in developing countries. It is an ancient disease, long confused with smallpox, from which it was clearly differentiated only in the 10th century. In this paper, the place of measles in the medical history of antiquity and the Middle Ages is reviewed.

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