n South African Medical Journal - A paradoxical reduction in upper genital tract infection despite the massive HIV epidemic : scientific letters

Volume 100, Issue 8
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



Upper genital tract infection (UGTI), which is also referred to as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), is one of the most common serious gynaecological disorders that affect women in their reproductive years, with very serious long-term consequences such as chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. It is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by many micro-organisms such as , and anaerobes. It can be clinically classified into uncomplicated (absence of tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA)) or complicated (presence of TOA).

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