n South African Medical Journal - Clinical predictors of low CD4 count among HIV-infected pulmonary tuberculosis clients : a health facility-based survey : original articles

Volume 100, Issue 9
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



The study aimed to determine the clinical and laboratory predictors of a low CD4+ cell count (<200 cells/µl) in HIV-infected patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB).

A prospective cohort study on HIV-positive patients with smear-positive PTB attending an outpatient clinic in Zimbabwe.
Consecutively consenting HIV-positive adults, aged 18 years and over, who had positive sputum smears for acid-fast bacilli and were naïve to both antituberculosis drugs and ART. Baseline CD4+ cell count, full blood count, functional status using the Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) score and body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) were determined for all participants. Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses of the data were done.
Of the 97 participants recruited, 59 (61%) were females. The overall mean age was 34 years (standard deviation (SD) 8). The median CD4+ cell count was 104.5 cells/µl (intraquartile range (IQR) 41 - 213 cells/µl). Patients with pleuritic chest pain were less likely to have a low CD4+ cell count than patients who did not (odds ratio (OR) 0.2; confidence interval (CI) 0.03 - 0.8). The following were statistically significant predictors of a CD4+ cell count of <200 cells/ µl: BMI <18 kg/m2 (OR 3.8; CI 1.2 - 12), KPS <54.4 (OR 3; CI 1.1 - 12) and haemoglobin concentration <8 g/dl (OR 13; CI 1.8 - 533).
HIV-infected sputum-positive PTB patients presenting with a BMI <18, KPS <54.4% and haemoglobin concentration <8 g/dl should have early initiation of ART since they are more likely to have a low CD4+ cell count, whereas those presenting with pleuritic pain are less likely to have a low CD4+ cell count.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error