n South African Medical Journal - The rat lung-worm : a first report in South Africa : scientific letter

Volume 101, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



A study of the parasites of invasive rats in the eThekwini Municipality of KwaZulu-Natal has led to this first report of , commonly known as the rat lung worm, in South Africa. is clearly endemic in this region and probably also in other areas of South Africa. There are a few reports of this nematode from Africa (excluding South Africa): in rats and snails in Egypt (Fouad and Abdulla, 1978), in snails in Nigeria (Sowemimo and Asaolur, 2004), and a human case from Ivory Coast (1980). As humans are accidental hosts, the parasite cannot complete its life cycle, and immature worms lodge in the central nervous system where they elicit a condition known as eosinophilic meningitis.

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