n South African Medical Journal - Missing & Murdered. A Personal Adventure in Forensic Anthropology, Alan G. Morris : book review : forum

Volume 102, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



The eminent Dutch palaeopathologist, P A Jannsens, in his 1970 book on the disease and injuries of prehistoric humans, described burr holes in the skulls of early humans (a process now known as trephination). Presumably, this was to treat conditions such as headaches, epilepsy, mental illness, migraine, and head wounds and injuries. The latter would have included relief of subdural and extradural haemorrhage; if so, it required considerable diagnostic and clinical skill.

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