n South African Medical Journal - Ten principles for preventing biofilm-related infections in surgical practice : correspondence

Volume 103, Issue 10
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



There is a growing body of literature regarding the impact of biofilm on device-associated infections (DAI). It has been estimated that DAIs will cost the USA alone more than US$1 billion. Much of the literature is in the context of the use of orthopaedic, cardiovascular, and plastic surgical prostheses, especially joint and breast implants, but biofilm has been implicated in all surgical fields where foreign materials are placed.

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