n South African Medical Journal - Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis : from bedside to laboratory : CME - article
|Article Title||Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis : from bedside to laboratory : CME - article|
|© Publisher:||Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG)|
|Journal||South African Medical Journal|
|Affiliations||1 University of the Free State, 2 University of KwaZulu-Natal, 3 University of Pretoria, 4 University of Cape Town and 5 Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital|
|Publication Date||Oct 2014|
|Pages||711 - 713|
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is essentially diagnosed clinically. In babies and young children, the diagnosis is usually straightforward. Dry, very pruritic dermatitis starts on the cheeks, with the neck and trunk often involved, but the nappy area spared. Limb involvement follows later - first extensoral, later classically flexural. This is mostly the picture of AD. In adults, the presentation may vary widely. Classic flexural dermatitis may persist, but erythroderma (whole-body involvement), head and neck dermatitis, isolated hand dermatitis and nummular dermatitis may be more difficult to identify as AD.
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