n South African Medical Journal - New imaging approaches for improving diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis : editorial
|Article Title||New imaging approaches for improving diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis : editorial|
|© Publisher:||Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG)|
|Journal||South African Medical Journal|
|Affiliations||1 Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, 2 Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, 3 University of Cape Town, 4 University of Cape Town, 5 University of Cape Town, 6 University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 7 University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 8 University of the Witwatersrand and 9 University of the Witwatersrand|
|Publication Date||Mar 2014|
|Pages||181 - 182|
In South Africa (SA), childhood tuberculosis (TB) still accounts for considerable morbidity and mortality. The incidence of TB disease and risk of progression to severe or disseminated forms are especially high in young children or those with HIV infection. Childhood TB presents most commonly as primary TB, often with non specific signs and symptoms; TB may also present as acute pneumonia. The clinical diagnosis can therefore be challenging. Furthermore, due to difficulty in obtaining good-quality specimens and the paucibacillary nature of childhood TB, microbiological confirmation is only achieved in a minority of children, especially in settings where there is limited capacity for microbiological confirmation.
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