n South African Medical Journal - New imaging approaches for improving diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis : editorial

Volume 104, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



In South Africa (SA), childhood tuberculosis (TB) still accounts for considerable morbidity and mortality. The incidence of TB disease and risk of progression to severe or disseminated forms are especially high in young children or those with HIV infection. Childhood TB presents most commonly as primary TB, often with non specific signs and symptoms; TB may also present as acute pneumonia. The clinical diagnosis can therefore be challenging. Furthermore, due to difficulty in obtaining good-quality specimens and the paucibacillary nature of childhood TB, microbiological confirmation is only achieved in a minority of children, especially in settings where there is limited capacity for microbiological confirmation.

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