n South African Medical Journal - Key to antimicrobial stewardship success : surveillance by diagnostic microbiology laboratories : editorial

Volume 105, Issue 5
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



The important role of laboratories in enhancing antimicrobial stewardship activities through improved diagnostics and provision of surveillance data is globally recognised. Consider the aim of an antimicrobial stewardship programme: 'optimize clinical outcomes while minimizing the unintended consequences of antimicrobial use'. The clinical microbiology laboratory plays a critical role in achieving these aims through the provision of culture and susceptibility data that are both patient-specific (optimisation of clinical outcomes) and informative for surveillance activities that guide empirical antimicrobial selection (minimising unintended consequences of antimicrobial use).

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