n South African Medical Journal - Minimising the 'cost' of laparoscopic cholecystectomy : editorial

Volume 105, Issue 6
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



Laparoscopic cholecystectomy entered into the surgical treatment of gallbladder disease in 1985. This was at a time when innovation rather than evidence was the driving force for the operation. It became evident that the persistent Achilles heel of this operation was bile duct injury (BDI), the incidence of which has remained twice that of open cholecystectomy.

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