n South African Medical Journal - Intracranial complications of infection in neonates : in practice - clinical alert

Volume 106, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



Even though is not one of the most common causes of infection in neonates, it is associated with grave morbidity and mortality. We describe the evolution of brain parenchymal affectation observed in association with infection in neonates. This retrospective case series details brain ultrasound findings of five neonates with hospital-acquired infection. Neonatal infection with or without associated meningitis can be complicated by brain parenchymal affectation, leading to cerebral abscess formation. It is recommended that all neonates with this infection should undergo neuro-imaging more than once before discharge from hospital; this can be achieved using bedside ultrasonography.

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