n South African Medical Journal - HIV/AIDS : emerging threat to cardiovascular health in sub-Saharan Africa : correspondence

Volume 106, Issue 6
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



Public health in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is at a crossroads owing to an increasing non-communicable disease burden, with a sizeable contribution from cardiovascular disease (CVD). CVD is the top cause of death globally, and an estimated 80% of CVD-related deaths occur in low- to middle-income countries, including South Africa (SA). Although epidemiological transition is an important factor contributing to the rise in cardiovascular risk factors and CVD, the emerging interaction between communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS and CVD should not be neglected. HIV infection is now recognised as an independent cardiovascular risk factor; however, the data are mainly from developed countries.

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