Cancer of the lower cesophagus and upper stomach has entered the range of successful surgery. The term peptic ulcer is "" out"". Surgery plays but a small part in the treatment of duodenal ulcer. Surgery play a big part in the treatment of gastric ulcer. Vagotomy is a valuable new operation. Pancreatico-duodenectomy is a feasible procedure.
The S-shaped carotid is discussed and its frequency in the Bantu noted. The Clinical signs, and a differential diagnosis from subclavian aneurysm, are given. The value of recognising the abnormality, as a lead to taking the blood-pressure, is pointed out.