The task of making an amputee ambulant is the responsibility of the surgeon who performs the operation. This is best accomplished by the provision of a suitable stump, which will stand up to the wear and tear of active use. For this reason the stump should be conical in shape and there should be no redundancy of soft tissue.
The discovery of artificial radio-activity, and the subsequent invention of the cyclotron, and the atomic pile, have made considerable quantItIes of radio-isotopes avaIlable, both for experimental work and for therapy. Some 450 isotopes have now been discovered.
The 1946 International Health Conference in New York prepared a constitution for a World Health Organisation. The necessary ratifications by governments being forthcoming the Organisation came into being with the First World Health Assembly in Geneva in 1948. The Assembly prepared a programme for 1949 providing for general international epidemiological, statistical and standardisation services: educational services and 11 special programme including six subjects as first priorities. A regional organisation was outlined and agreements for co-operation with other international agencies prepared. The first Executive Board was elected with the gratifying inclusion of South Africa.