A new condition of the eye is descriptionbed as seen through the eyes of the writer over a period of 10 years. The condition is directly linked to those evils which threaten the immediate future of the people of this country, namely, loss of soil fertility, soil erosion, sloth, ignorance, indifference towards and the abuse of the land. Lack of quality in food is more important in producing malnutritional changes than lack of quantity. Malnutritional blindness is numerically the only important cause of preventable blindness in the Union and affects the young. Other forms of blindness (nonpreventable) occur mainly in the old, senile and less useful members of the population. A descriptionption of the writer's seven clinical types is given.