Ten cases of Bornholm disease seen. in Cape Town over the past few months are descriptionbed. The malady presents with the sudden onset of an acute pain which may simulate pleurisy (pleurodynia) or the acute abdomen, but there are no corroborative findings. This essentially negative examination is very characteristic. The diagnosis is readily made by the history, general appearance and observation of the case for a day or two. The illness lasts a few days, often subsides only to recur again; but after about three days it is usually over with complete recovery.
*This paper was read at the Medical Congress of the Association held at Cape Town in September 1949. Most of the new developments in thoracic surgery are concerned with cardiac surgery. Many of the congenital cardiac abnormalities can be treated, giving the patient a more comfortable and a longer life. It is still too soon to draw conclusions about the final long-term results of cardiac surgery. The operation of segmental resection of the lung is used both in bronchiectasis and in tuberculosis. The principles of conservation of normal lung tissue and restoration of function are applied to pulmonary surgery. Improved operative techniques and thoracic approaches are used in the treatment of ulceration or carcinoma of the oesophagus and the stomach. The transthoracic approach is advocated in the surgical treatment of hypertension by sympathectomy.