A case of otosclerosis in identical twins is reported. The results of fenestration one year post-operatively are shown. As far as is known from the literature, an otosclerotic twin has not previously been fenestrated.
This paper descriptionbes outbreaks of Argemone Mexicana seed poisoning on two farms in one of the North-Western Cape Districts. The cases and death were confined to Coloured persons. The paper compares the clinical findings and signs found in the cases which occurred in South Africa with those which have occurred in India and other Eastern countries. The post-mortem findings are similarly compared. Results of the inspections in loco prove that it is common practice for farmers to feed to their Coloured labourers wheat contaminated with the seed of the plant.
A review of the history, symptoms, post mortem appearances, and histology of epidemic dropsy in India is given. Investigations made by Indian workers in order to ascertain the cause, or causes, of epidemic dropsy have also been discussed. From the results of their investigations it appears reasonable to accept that mustard oil, wilfully or accidentally, adulterated with argemone oil is the cause of epidemic dropsy. Our investigations into a fatal disease which occurred in the Carnarvon district and which resembled Indian epidemic dropsy in all its aspects, fully support the conclusions of the Indian investigators, namely, that epidemic dropsy is caused by the eating of food contaminated with the seed, or oil, of Argemone Mexicana. Methods of treatment and prevention of epidemic dropsy are descriptionbed. As this dangerous plant is such a very common weed on cultivated lands on which crops for human and animal consumption are grown, it is urged that immediate steps be taken to enforce its eradication.