oa South African Medical Journal - Gargoylism

Volume 25, Issue 40
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



Gargoylism is a condition in children characterized by a large head, resting on a very short neck, with coarse features and corneal haziness. The abdomen is distended by a large liver and spleen, and an umbilical hernia is often present. A dorsa-lumbar kyphosis and limbs which appear too short for the body, with some limitation of full extension at the joints, in a mentally deficient child who may also be deaf, complete the picture in this most remarkable disease. A review of the literature is made to bring out the historical clinical and pathological features of gargoylism, and a report of a case of this condition is presented.

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