oa South African Medical Journal - A wide-spread infection of doubtful aetiology affecting young children in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia : a clinical study*

Volume 26, Issue 7
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



(Concluded from p. 118) A descriptionption has been given of a disease of doubtful aetiology which occurred in epidemic form in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia, during 1950-51. Clinical and pathological data are given on 65 cases that were observed during a period of nine months. The age incidence varied from 2t to 12 years with a preponderance in the pre-school age group. The disease commenced usually with recurrent sore throats. The illness was characterized by prolonged elevated temperature, general ill health, marked pallor, central abdominal pain and occasional joint pains. There was a notable absence of physical signs and laboratory tests were uninformative, apart from a raised erythrocyte sedimentation rate. The differential diagnosis has been discussed and it was concluded that the children had probably suffered from one of the sequelae of streptococcal infection-the poststreptococcal state.

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