Two psychosomatic cases have been descriptionbed, and their case histories as elicited by analytical psychotherapy have been demonstrated. They illustrate the need to approach the sick individual in his totality as a psychosomatic environmental-being, living in Time. In a general discussion, the factors in medical practice and philosophy which prevent this total approach to the patient are mentioned. These include the materialistic bias of the medical schools in favour of anatomy and physiology, which results in a materialistic compartmental treatment of the human organism in clinical practice. It is suggested that a new and more holistic conception of the human being as the object of medical practice is required, in order to effect a re-orientation of all branches of medical practice. In order to achieve this new conception, it is not enough to graft a 'psychological attitude' on to training in scientific materialism. But it is necessary to appreciate the basic importance of the subjective psychic factors in the healthy integration of the total organism.
The results of the follow-through study of tuberculous infection in 143 urban Bantu infants during their first year of life are reported. The method of selection of these babies is set out. The tuberculin patch test was used and it is on the results obtained by this method that the incidence of infection is based. Details are given of the methods employed in the study. Of the 143 babies tested at least once during their first year of life, 35 (24.5%) were found to have been infected with tuberculosis. However, because of the follow-through nature of the investigation it has been possible to calculate the probable incidence of infection in the first year of life. This figure, 32.3 %, is likely to be a more accurate reflection of the true state of affairs. A longitudinal study, which allows for periodic testing of each individual at various age levels, is considered to be the method of choice in attempts to assess the incidence of tuberculous infection in children.